Coltrane’s solo on Oleo – Part 1
This tune by Sonny Rollins is written on what we call a Rhythm Changes, a standard form and harmonic progression.
The #IVo7 can be replaced by IV-7.
Whenever you have a dominant 7th chord, you can add the relatif -7. For instance, on the bridge you can add B-7 to E7, E-7 to A7, A-7 to D7 and D-7 to G7
Coltrane starts on the third bar and plays a G7. I realized later what is REALLY going on, and it blew my mind when I understood. I will explain in Part 5.
The melody is the strongest shaping force. When you master the elements of music, that’s when you can really play melodic lines freely, even disregarding the original changes, creating your own harmonic paths.
Notice how he can play G-7 over C7
On A7 he uses the F# major triad which makes sound the 13, b9 and 3. He also uses the F major triad, that gives an altered sound with the b13 and #9. For more ideas about using major triads, check out this lesson Major triads in the major thirds cycle on Stella By Starlight. Or enter “major triads” in the search box on the left!
practice the triads with the chromatic approach of the fifth (check out how Charlie Parker uses that idea in Au Privave)
practice playing with the major triad built on the 13th of a dominant 7th chord
practice playing the turnaround CMaj7 A7 | D-7 G7 with the major triads G F# | F E
practice adding the relatif II-7 of the dominant 7th on the bridge:
B-7 | E7 | E-7 | A7 | A-7 | D7 | D-7 | G7 ||
practice improvising with the major triad built on the flat 13th of a dominant 7th chord
practice anticipating chords of 1 or 2 beats
Questions? Comments? Let’s talk in the comment section below!